Genomics

Genomics

Genome refers to the complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism while genomics is the study of genomes. Genomic studies are characterized by simultaneous analysis of a large number of genes using automated data … Read more

The Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project

The start of the human genome project in the late 1980s provided a major boost for the development of bioinformatics. The Human Genome Project (HGP) was the international, collaborative research program whose goal was the complete mapping and understanding of … Read more

Regulation of Translation In Eukaryotes

Regulation of Translation In Eukaryotes

Translational regulation refers to the control of the levels of protein synthesized from its mRNA. In eukaryotes, regulation of protein synthesis can occur by modification of DNA or at the level of transcription within the nucleus, processing of mRNA in the nucleus, or translation in the … Read more

RNA Isolation Protocol

RNA Isolation Protocol

Total RNA isolation from Bacterial Cells Principle of RNA Isolation Total RNA is isolated and separated from DNA and protein after extraction with a solution called as Trizol. Trizol is an acidic solution containing guanidinium thiocyanate (GITC), phenol and chloroform. … Read more

Eukaryotic Transcription

Eukaryotic Transcription

Eukaryotic Transcription Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of RNA. It is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase. It … Read more