Candida parapsilosis- An Overview

Candida parapsilosis- An Overview

What is Candida parapsilosis? Candida parapsilosis has been classified under the emerging pathogens in the recent past, causing invasive candidal disease. It was first discovered in Puerto Rico by Ashford in 1928 from a diarrheal stool and later discovered to be a pathogenic agent in causing sepsis among intravenous drug users. It was initially named Monilia parapsilosis and later renamed to …

Read more

Chromoblastomycosis (Chromomycosis)- An Overview

Chromoblastomycosis (Chromomycosis)

What is Chromoblastomycosis (Chromomycosis)? Chromoblastomycosis that is also known as chromomycosis is a chronic fungal infection of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, caused by different groups of dematiaceous fungi. It is one of the most encountered subcutaneous fungal infections besides sporotrichosis and mycetoma. Dermateciuos fungi are fungi that are pigmented, producing brown pigmentations. The disease is associated with slow-growing, …

Read more

Sporothrix schenckii- An Overview

Sporothrix schenckii

What is Sporothrix schenckii? Sporothrix schenckii is a dimorphic fungus that is widely distributed in soil and in and on living and dead decaying environments. It is a pathogenic fungus that causes an infection known as sporotrichosis, in both animals and humans. Sporotrichosis is a chronic mycotic infection that affects the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. The fungal infection is associated …

Read more

Candida tropicalis- An Overview

Candida tropicalis

What is Candida tropicalis? Candida tropicalis is a yeast form of fungi known to be pathogenic in neutropenic hosts and disseminating through the bloodstream to peripheral organs. It is closely related to Candida albicans in pathogenicity and clinical features. It is a common systemic fungus, affecting persons with immune-compromised and immune-suppressed systems. The common treatment therapies for invasive infection of …

Read more

Candida glabrata- An Overview

Candida glabrata

What is Candida glabrata? Candida glabrata was previously known as Torulopsis glabrata, belongs to the class of Fungi Imperfecti, the order of Moniliaes and family of Cryptococcaceae. C. glabrata is one of the most common candida species, living commensally in the human host. It does not cause disease in healthy individuals. However, it has been found to also cause candidiasis in persons …

Read more

Microsporum spp- An Overview

Microsporum spp

Microsporum spp are dermatophyte fungi that cause cutaneous infections of the nails, hair, and skin, known as dermatophytosis. They are ascomycetous molds producing macroconidial spores which are distinct for these group of dermatophyte, distinguishing them from other dermatophytes such as Trichophyton and Epidermophyton. Microsporum spp are keratolytic i.e they synthesis keratinase enzyme which digests fragments of the skin, hair, and …

Read more

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining is a simple histological staining method used for the microscopic examination and identification of fungi. Principle of Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining method works on the principle of aiding the identification of the fungal cell walls. Fungi are eukaryotic organisms with both macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. The fungal spore cell …

Read more

Aspergillus clavatus- An Overview

Aspergillus clavatus

What is Aspergillus clavatus? Aspergillus clavatus is a pathogenic species of fungi, that produces mycotoxins that cause severe pulmonary disease, an allergic reaction commonly known as malt’s worker’s lung. They produce millions of very tiny spores known as conidia, that circulate freely in the air and when inhaled. they cause allergic reactions which may be severe in immune-compromised patients. The …

Read more

Trichophyton spp- An Overview

Trichophyton mentagrophyte

Trichophyton is a dermatophyte fungus classified along with Epidermophyton and Microsporum spp. Dermatophytic fungi are known to cause of dermatophytosis, a cutaneous infection of the skin, hair, and nails, in humans and animals. Trichophyton spp specifically causes tinea infections such as tines pedis (Athletes foot), tinea capitis (ringworms), tinea crusi (jock itch), and infections of the nails, beards, skin, and scalp. …

Read more

Alternaria alternata- An Overview

Morphological and Cultural Features of Alternaria alternata

Alternaria spp Alternaria spp are a group of Ascomycete fungi that are known for their saprophytic nature in decomposing soil and plants. They are ubiquitous, found in soil, air, and plants. They have a clinical impact as well as, it is a plant pathogen. There are over 299 species of Alternaria spp with the most commonly known species including: A. …

Read more

Rhizopus spp- An Overview

Rhizopus spp

Rhizopus spp are saprophytic fungi found on plants and it is parasitic on animals. They are multicellular fungi, with about 8 species. They are responsible for causing an opportunistic infection known as invasive mucormycosis in humans and animals. Some species are used for industrial importance such as Rhizopus stolonifer which caused bread mold. Rhizopus infections may also be a complication …

Read more

Epidermophyton floccosum- An Overview

Epidermophyton floccosum Morphology

Epidermophyton floccosum is a filamentous dermatophytic fungus known to cause skin and nail infections in humans. It is an anthropophilic dermatophyte hence it is transmissible from one individual to another. Common infections caused by dermatophytes include tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea crusis, tinea corporis, and onychomycosis. It is the third most common cause of Tinea pedis (athletes foot). Habitat of …

Read more

Blastomyces dermatitidis- An Overview

Blastomyces dermatitidis is a thermally dimorphic fungus that causes blastomycosis, a chronically invasive fungal infection of the lungs, that disseminates into the skin and bones and it affects both humans and animals. The disease is predominantly endemic in North America (the United States and Canada) hence it has been coined as North America Blastomycosis. It has however been found in …

Read more