Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis definition Candidiasis is also known as moniliasis, is a fungal disease that is classified under opportunistic fungal infection, because of its occurrence in persons with an immune-suppressed system, especially newborns, HIV/AIDS patients, patients on antibiotic therapies, cancer therapy patients. It usually does not cause disease in healthy individuals. It is an overgrowth in the … Read more Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Treatment options and Vaccines updates of COVID-19

Treatment options and Vaccines updates of COVID-19

Medical Disclaimer: The information presented on the website is only for academic and study purposes and must not be used for the purpose of treatment. If you are not feeling well, please consult with your physician or doctor. Image Source: Biorender and ARTIS Ventures Current Therapies of COVID-19 Currently, no specific antiviral treatment has been … Read more Treatment options and Vaccines updates of COVID-19

Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19 with Risk factors

Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory tract infection caused by SARS-CoV-2. The disease was first reported from Wuhan, China and has since then, spread globally, causing the 2019-2020 pandemic. The mode of transmission for this disease is through close physical contact and small droplets that develop during coughing, sneezing and even talking. Even … Read more Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19 with Risk factors

Hand washing steps and guidelines by WHO and CDC with video

Introduction basic hygiene practices: Handwashing Basic hygiene is a mechanism of practicing and maintaining cleanliness. Poor hygienic methods have an extreme impact on causing infections ranging from skin infections to respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal infection.  Most respiratory and gastrointestinal infections have been associated more often than usual that they are transmitted through a lack … Read more Hand washing steps and guidelines by WHO and CDC with video

Mode of Transmission of Diseases

Mode of Transmission of Diseases

Mode of Transmission of Diseases The traditional epidemiologic triad model holds that infectious diseases result from the interaction of agent, host, and environment. More specifically, transmission occurs when the agent leaves its reservoir or host through a portal of exit, is conveyed by some mode of transmission, and enters through an appropriate portal of entry to infect a susceptible host.  An infectious … Read more Mode of Transmission of Diseases

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) The Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), is also alternatively referred to as verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC), and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). All members of this group are defined by the presence of Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) or 2 (Stx2). Some but not all EHEC strains are LEE positive and form … Read more Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) is defined as containing the E. coli strains that elaborate at least one member of two defined groups of enterotoxins: heat-stable toxin (ST) and heat-stable toxin (LT). Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, or ETEC, is thus the name given to a group of E. coli that produces special toxins that stimulate the lining … Read more Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)

Endemic Diseases

Endemic Diseases

Endemic Diseases Communicable diseases are termed endemic when they have a relatively stable pattern of occurrence in a given geographical area or population group at the relatively high prevalence and incidence. It refers to the constant presence of a disease or infectious agent within a given geographic area or population group, without importation from outside. … Read more Endemic Diseases

Disease Prevention

Disease Prevention

Disease Prevention Disease prevention is a procedure through which individuals, those with risk factors for a disease or without the risk factors, are treated in order to prevent a disease from occurring. Treatment normally begins either before signs and symptoms of the disease occur, or shortly thereafter. Prevention includes a wide range of activities — … Read more Disease Prevention

Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)

Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)

Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) strains are rare in both developed and developing countries. EIEC infections are characterized by a period of watery diarrhea that precedes the onset of scanty dysenteric stools containing blood and mucus. Pathogenic strains are primarily associated with a few restricted O serotypes: O124, O143, and O164. EIEC … Read more Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)