17 differences between communicable and non-communicable diseases

communicable and non-communicable diseases differences

Communicable diseases definition Communicable diseases are the diseases that are caused by infectious agents and can be transmitted from an infected person to other people, animals, or other sources in the environment. Communicable diseases are also called infectious diseases or transmissible diseases. These diseases are transmitted when the infectious agents are transmitted through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily fluids, blood …

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13 Differences between Acute disease and Chronic disease

differences between Acute disease and Chronic disease

Acute disease definition Acute disease is a condition or a disorder that comes on or onsets rapidly and lasts for a shorter period of time. The period of time associated with acute diseases varies with the type of illness and the context, but it is always quantitatively shorter in time when compared to chronic diseases. The term ‘acute’ is also …

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Disorders and Diseases of the Digestive System

Disorders and Diseases of the Human Digestive System

The primary purpose of the gastrointestinal tract is to break food down into nutrients, which can be absorbed into the body to provide energy. Food must be ingested into the mouth to be mechanically processed and moistened. Secondly, digestion occurs mainly in the stomach and small intestine where proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are chemically broken down into their basic building …

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Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes (14 major differences)

type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes

Image Source: Everyday Health. (Gwen Shockey/Alamy) Differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes Features Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Nature of disease It is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immunity system mistakes insulin-producing cells as foreign invaders. It is a metabolic condition where the pancreas produces enough insulin, but the body cannot utilize insulin. …

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Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis definition Candidiasis is also known as moniliasis, is a fungal disease that is classified under opportunistic fungal infection, because of its occurrence in persons with an immune-suppressed system, especially newborns, HIV/AIDS patients, patients on antibiotic therapies, cancer therapy patients. It usually does not cause disease in healthy individuals. It is an overgrowth in the gut by Candida albicans species …

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Treatment options and Vaccines updates of COVID-19

Treatment options and Vaccines updates of COVID-19

Medical Disclaimer: The information presented on the website is only for academic and study purposes and must not be used for the purpose of treatment. If you are not feeling well, please consult with your physician or doctor. Image Source: Biorender and ARTIS Ventures Current Therapies of COVID-19 Currently, no specific antiviral treatment has been confirmed to be effective against …

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Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19 with Risk factors

Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory tract infection caused by SARS-CoV-2. The disease was first reported from Wuhan, China and has since then, spread globally, causing the 2019-2020 pandemic. The mode of transmission for this disease is through close physical contact and small droplets that develop during coughing, sneezing and even talking. Even though these droplets might be …

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Hand washing steps and guidelines by WHO and CDC with video

Introduction basic hygiene practices: Handwashing Basic hygiene is a mechanism of practicing and maintaining cleanliness. Poor hygienic methods have an extreme impact on causing infections ranging from skin infections to respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal infection.  Most respiratory and gastrointestinal infections have been associated more often than usual that they are transmitted through a lack of or poor hand washing …

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Mode of Transmission of Diseases

Mode of Transmission of Diseases

Mode of Transmission of Diseases The traditional epidemiologic triad model holds that infectious diseases result from the interaction of agent, host, and environment. More specifically, transmission occurs when the agent leaves its reservoir or host through a portal of exit, is conveyed by some mode of transmission, and enters through an appropriate portal of entry to infect a susceptible host.  An infectious agent may be transmitted from …

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Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) The Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), is also alternatively referred to as verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC), and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). All members of this group are defined by the presence of Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) or 2 (Stx2). Some but not all EHEC strains are LEE positive and form A/E cytopathology, resembling EPEC strains. …

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