Streptococcus mutans- An Overview

Streptococcus mutans

What is Streptococcus mutans? Streptococcus mutans is a Gram-positive coccus that is a major inhabitant of the oral cavity and is considered a significant contributor of tooth decay and cavities. Streptococci are spherical or ovoid cells, arranged in chains or pairs where many species are members of the commensal microflora on mucosal membranes of humans or animals, and some are …

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Streptococcus mitis- An Overview

Streptococcus mitis

What is Streptococcus mitis? Streptococcus mitis is a Gram-positive coccus belonging to the viridians group of Streptococci as well as the mitis group. It is a commensal organism that colonizes different areas of the human body like the oropharynx, skin, and gastrointestinal and genital tract as a part of the normal flora. It is an important species of the genus …

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Staphylococcus saprophyticus- An Overview

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

What is Staphylococcus saprophyticus? Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative coccus that is an important part of the group of microorganisms causing urinary tract infections (UTIs), particularly in young sexually active females. Like all Staphylococci, S. saprophyticus is also clustering Gram-positive cocci, nonmotile, non-spore-forming, and facultatively anaerobic. S. saprophyticus is a part of the normal flora in humans that colonizes the …

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Streptococcus anginosus- An Overview

Streptococcus anginosus

What is Streptococcus anginosus? Streptococcus anginosus is a Gram-positive bacterium that is present in the mouth, upper respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and vagina as a normal inhabitant. S. anginosus belongs to the anginosus subgroup of viridans streptococci which was traditionally called the ‘milleri group’. However, the name is now pseudotaxonomic as the idea that all the members in the group …

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Staphylococcus aureus- An Overview

Staphylococcus aureus

Image Source: ASM and Bacteria in Photos. Habitat of Staphylococcus aureus The natural habitat is mammalian body surfaces. They are normal flora of the skin and mucous membrane. Also present in the nose / the anterior nares. They can also be found in Pharynx. Found in stratified epithelial cells or mucous or serum constituents associated with these cells. Found in skin/nasal …

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis- An Overview

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Habitat of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Human is only a known reservoir. Usually found in the lungs but can also live in any part of the body. They may be obligate pathogen, facultative or opportunistic pathogens, or free living. Usually infect the mono-nuclear phagocytes. Can also be infected by the consumption of unpasteurized milk. Can survive for weeks in the dust, on …

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Clostridium perfringens- An Overview

Clostridium perfringens

Image Source: Nanobugs. Habitat of Clostridium perfringens Clostridium perfringens are isolated from fecal specimens from humans and animals. They are an inhabitant of human normal intestinal flora. They are present in nature and can be found as a normal component of decaying vegetation, marine sediments, and soil. Beef, poultry, gravies and dried or pre-cooked foods are common sources of Clostridium …

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Bacillus cereus- An Overview

Bacillus cereus

Habitat of Bacillus cereus Bacillus cereus is isolated from soil, vegetables, milk, cereals, spices, fried rice, cooked poultry and meats, soups, and desserts. It is also found in mashed potatoes, beef stew, apples, hot chocolates sold in vending machines, and other improper food handling areas. In 1887, B. cereus was isolated from air in a cowshed by Frankland and Frankland. It …

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Staphylococcus lugdunensis- An Overview

Staphylococcus lugdunensis

What is Staphylococcus lugdunensis? Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative coccus that is a part of human normal flora but recently has been associated with various skin and soft tissue infections. S. lugdunensis has a significant pathogenic potential compared with other coagulase-negative staphylococci owing to its various virulence factors. Like all Staphylococci, S. lugdunensis is also clustering Gram-positive cocci, non-motile, …

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