International Baccalaureate (IB) Biology Syllabus (Core+Options)

International Baccalaureate (IB) Biology Syllabus (Core+Options)

Last Updated on July 2, 2020 by Sagar Aryal

International Baccalaureate (IB) Biology Syllabus (Core+Options)

Image Credit: International Baccalaureate Organization.

Core Topics (95 Hours)

Topic 1. Cell biology (15 Hours)

1.1 Introduction to Cells

1.2 Ultrastructure of Cells

1.3 Membrane Structure

1.4 Membrane Transport

1.5 Origin of Cells

1.6 Cell Division

Topic 2. Molecular biology (21 Hours)

2.1 Molecules to Metabolism

2.2 Water

2.3 Carbohydrates and Lipids

2.4 Proteins

2.5 Enzymes

2.6 Structure of DNA and RNA

2.7 DNA Replications, Transcription and Translation

2.8 Cell Respiration

2.9 Photosynthesis

Topic 3. Genetics (15 Hours)

3.1 Genes

3.2 Chromosomes

3.3 Meiosis

3.4 Inheritance

3.5 Genetic Modification and Biotechnology

Topic 4. Ecology (12 Hours)

4.1 Species, Communities and Ecosystems

4.2 Energy Flow

4.3 Carbon Cycling

4.4 Climate Change

Topic 5. Evolution and biodiversity (12 Hours)

5.1 Evidence for Evolution

5.2 Natural Selection

5.3 Classification and Biodiversity

5.4 Cladistics

Topic 6. Human physiology (20 Hours)

6.1 Digestion and Absorption

6.2 The Blood System

6.3 Defense Against Infectious Disease

6.4 Gas Exchange

6.5 Neurons and Synapses

6.6 Hormones, Homeostasis, and Reproduction

Additional Higher Level Topics (60 Hours)

Topic 7. Nucleic Acids (9 Hours)

7.1 DNA Structure and Replication

7.2 Transcription and Gene Expression

7.3 Translation

Topic 8. Metabolism, Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis (14 Hours)

8.1 Metabolism

8.2 Cell Respiration

8.3 Photosynthesis

Topic 9. Plant Biology (13 Hours)

9.1 Transport in the Xylem of Plants

9.2 Transport in the Phloem of Plants

9.3 Growth in Plants

9.4 Reproduction in Plants

Topic 10. Genetics and Evolution (8 Hours)

10.1 Meiosis

10.2 Inheritance

10.3 Gene Pools and Speciation

Topic 11. Animal Physiology (16 Hours)

11.1 Antibody Production and Vaccination

11.2 Movement

11.3 Kidney and Osmoregulation

11.4 Sexual Reproduction

Optional Topics

Option A. Neurobiology and Behaviour (15 Hours for SL and 25 hours for HL)

A.1 Neural development

A.2 The human brain

A.3 Perception of stimuli

A.4 Innate and learned behavior (Higher Level Only)

A.5 Neuropharmacology (Higher Level Only)

A.6 Ethology (Higher Level Only)

Option B. Biotechnology and Bioinformatics (15 Hours for SL and 25 hours for HL)

B.1 Microbiology: organisms in industry

B.2 Biotechnology in agriculture

B.3 Environmental protection

B.4 Medicine (Higher Level Only)

B.5 Bioinformatics (Higher Level Only)

Option C. Ecology and Conservation (15 Hours for SL and 25 hours for HL)

C.1 Species and communities

C.2 Communities and ecosystems

C.3 Impacts of humans on ecosystems

C.4 Conservation of biodiversity

C.5 Population ecology (Higher Level Only)

C.6 Nitrogen and phosphorus cycles (Higher Level Only)

Option D. Human Physiology (15 Hours for SL and 25 hours for HL)

D.1 Human Nutrition

D.2 Digestion

D.3 Functions of the Liver

D.4 The Heart

D.5 Hormones and Metabolism (Higher Level Only)

D.6 Transport of Respiratory Gases (Higher Level Only)

Practical scheme of work (40 Hours)

Prescribed and other practical activities (20 Hours)

Individual investigation (10 Hours)

Group 4 project (10 Hours)

References and Sources

  1. https://www.ibo.org/programmes/diploma-programme/curriculum/sciences/biology/
  2. https://blog.prepscholar.com/the-complete-ib-biology-syllabus-standard-level-sl-and-higher-level-hl
  3. https://www.sdgj.com/ckfinder/userfiles/files/9a6ff27578e18e3f1023a4dc046beef1.pdf

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