High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

High performance liquid chromatography or commonly known as HPLC is an analytical technique used to separate, identify or quantify each component in a mixture. The mixture is separated using the basic principle of column chromatography and then identified and quantified by spectroscopy.  In the 1960s the column chromatography LC with its low-pressure suitable glass columns was further developed to the …

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Chromatography- definition, principle, types, applications

Chromatography- Principle, Types and Applications

What is chromatography? Chromatography is an important biophysical technique that enables the separation, identification, and purification of the components of a mixture for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The Russian botanist Mikhail Tswett coined the term chromatography in 1906. The first analytical use of chromatography was described by James and Martin in 1952, for the use of gas chromatography for the …

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Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)

The Method of Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)

Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) is a technique used for the separation of large deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules by applying to a gel matrix an electric field that periodically changes direction. As DNA larger than 15-20kb migrating through a gel essentially moves together in a size-independent manner, the standard gel electrophoresis technique was unable to separate very large molecules of …

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Immunoelectrophoresis- Principle, Procedure, Results and Applications, Advantages and Limitations

Immunoelectrophoresis- Principle, Procedure, Results and Applications

Immunoelectrophoresis refers to precipitation in agar under an electric field. It is a process of a combination of immuno-diffusion and electrophoresis. An antigen mixture is first separated into its component parts by electrophoresis and then tested by double immuno-diffusion. Antigens are placed into wells cut in a gel (without antibody) and electrophoresed. A trough is then cut in the gel …

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