Glycogenolysis

Glycogenolysis

Glycogenolysis Glycogen is the major storage form of carbohydrate in animals similar to starch in plants. It  is a homopolymer made up of repeated units of α- D glucose and each molecule is linked to another by 1→4 glycosidic bond which is a link connecting the 1st C atom of the active glucose residue to … Read moreGlycogenolysis

De novo pyrimidine synthesis

De novo pyrimidine synthesis

De novo pyrimidine synthesis Biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides can occur by a de novo pathway or by the reutilization of preformed pyrimidine bases or ribonucleosides (salvage pathway). The pyrimidine synthesis is a similar process than that of purines. In the de novo synthesis of pyrimidines, the ring is synthesized first and then it is attached to a ribose-phosphate to for a pyrimidine nucleotide. … Read moreDe novo pyrimidine synthesis

Alpha Oxidation

Alpha Oxidation

Alpha Oxidation Alpha – oxidation is defined as the oxidation of fatty acid (methyl group at beta carbon) with the removal of one carbon unit adjacent to the α-carbon from the carboxylic end. The carbon unit is removed in the form of CO2. Alpha oxidation occurs in those fatty acids that have a methyl group … Read moreAlpha Oxidation

 Glycogenesis

Glycogenesis

Glycogenesis Glycogen is the major storage form of carbohydrate in animals similar to starch in plants. It  is a homopolymer made up of repeated units of α- D glucose and each molecule is linked to another by 1→4 glycosidic bond which is a link connecting the 1st C atom of the active glucose residue to … Read more Glycogenesis

Enzyme Inhibition

Enzyme Inhibition Enzymes are the biological macromolecules, also called as biological catalysts, which speed up the rate of biochemical reactions without undergoing any change. It is a highly selective catalyst that greatly accelerates both the rate and specificity of metabolic reactions. Many types of molecule exist which are capable of interfering with the activity of an … Read moreEnzyme Inhibition

The Michaelis–Menten model

The Michaelis–Menten model

The Michaelis–Menten model A major role of proteins is to serve as enzymes, the catalysts of biochemical reactions. They do so by reducing the Gibbs free energy of activation, ΔG, making it easier for the reaction to reach its transition state. The rate (v) of many enzyme-catalyzed reactions can be described by the Michaelis–Menten equation. … Read moreThe Michaelis–Menten model

Buffer and Extraction Buffer

Buffer and Extraction Buffer

Buffer and Extraction Buffer A buffer is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its salt (acidic buffer) or a weak base and its salt (basic buffer) that resists a change in pH on the addition of either acid or base. Its pH changes very little when a small amount … Read moreBuffer and Extraction Buffer

Water Soluble Vitamins- B-Complex and C

Water Soluble Vitamins- B-Complex and C

Water Soluble Vitamins- B-Complex and C Vitamins refer to any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet. Vitamins are biologically important. Although a micronutrient, it enhances the metabolism of macronutrients like proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Vitamins are also required … Read moreWater Soluble Vitamins- B-Complex and C

Fructose Metabolism

Fructose Metabolism

Fructose Metabolism Fructose is an abundant sugar in the human diet. This dietary monosaccharide is present naturally in fruits and vegetables, either as free fructose or as part of the disaccharide sucrose, and as its polymer inulin. Sucrose (table sugar) is a disaccharide which when hydrolyzed yields fructose and glucose. The metabolism of fructose from dietary sources is referred to as fructolysis. Location of Fructose Metabolism Fructose metabolism takes … Read moreFructose Metabolism

Fatty Acid Synthesis

Fatty Acid Synthesis

Fatty Acid Synthesis Lipogenesis, the synthesis of fatty acids and their esterification to glycerol to form triacylglycerols, which occurs mainly in the liver in humans, with dietary carbohydrate as the major source of carbon. While the de novo synthesis of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA occurs in the cytosol on the fatty acid synthase complex. Fatty … Read moreFatty Acid Synthesis