Parts of a microscope with functions and labeled diagram

Microscope Parts

Overview of microscope Having been constructed in the 16th Century, Microscopes have revolutionalized science with their ability to magnify small objects such as microbial cells, producing images with definitive structures that are identifiable and characterizable. So, what are microscopes? Microscopes … Read more

Microsporum spp- An Overview

Microsporum spp

Microsporum spp are dermatophyte fungi that cause cutaneous infections of the nails, hair, and skin, known as dermatophytosis. They are ascomycetous molds producing macroconidial spores which are distinct for these group of dermatophyte, distinguishing them from other dermatophytes such as … Read more

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining

Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining is a simple histological staining method used for the microscopic examination and identification of fungi. Principle of Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) Staining method works on the principle of aiding the … Read more

Aspergillus clavatus- An Overview

Aspergillus clavatus

What is Aspergillus clavatus? Aspergillus clavatus is a pathogenic species of fungi, that produces mycotoxins that cause severe pulmonary disease, an allergic reaction commonly known as malt’s worker’s lung. They produce millions of very tiny spores known as conidia, that … Read more

Metaphase in Mitosis and Meiosis (Metaphase 1 and 2)

Metaphase in Mitosis and Meiosis (Metaphase 1 and 2)

Metaphase definition Metaphase is a stage of the cell cycle occurring in both mitosis and meiosis cell division processes. During metaphase in mitosis and meiosis, the chromosomes condense and they become visible and distinguishable during alignment at the center of … Read more

Trichophyton spp- An Overview

Trichophyton mentagrophyte

Trichophyton is a dermatophyte fungus classified along with Epidermophyton and Microsporum spp. Dermatophytic fungi are known to cause of dermatophytosis, a cutaneous infection of the skin, hair, and nails, in humans and animals. Trichophyton spp specifically causes tinea infections such as … Read more

Alternaria alternata- An Overview

Morphological and Cultural Features of Alternaria alternata

Alternaria spp Alternaria spp are a group of Ascomycete fungi that are known for their saprophytic nature in decomposing soil and plants. They are ubiquitous, found in soil, air, and plants. They have a clinical impact as well as, it … Read more

Confocal Microscope

Confocal Microscope

Introduction and History of the Confocal Microscope The concept of confocal microscopy was initially developed by Marvin Minsky in the 1950s, at Harvard University with an aim of viewing the neural network without staining the tissues but it did not … Read more

Inverted Microscope

Inverted Microscope

Introduction and History of the Inverted Microscope Invented in 1850 by a faculty member of Medical College of Louisiana, named J. Lawrence Smith, this microscope just like it sounds is a light microscope which has its components placed in an … Read more

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)

Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)

The first Scanning Electron Microscope was initially made by Mafred von Ardenne in 1937 with an aim to surpass the transmission electron Microscope. He used high-resolution power to scan a small raster using a beam of electrons that were focused … Read more

Rhizopus spp- An Overview

Rhizopus spp

Rhizopus spp are saprophytic fungi found on plants and it is parasitic on animals. They are multicellular fungi, with about 8 species. They are responsible for causing an opportunistic infection known as invasive mucormycosis in humans and animals. Some species … Read more

Epidermophyton floccosum- An Overview

Epidermophyton floccosum Morphology

Epidermophyton floccosum is a filamentous dermatophytic fungus known to cause skin and nail infections in humans. It is an anthropophilic dermatophyte hence it is transmissible from one individual to another. Common infections caused by dermatophytes include tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), … Read more

Blastomyces dermatitidis- An Overview

Blastomyces dermatitidis is a thermally dimorphic fungus that causes blastomycosis, a chronically invasive fungal infection of the lungs, that disseminates into the skin and bones and it affects both humans and animals. The disease is predominantly endemic in North America … Read more

Coccidioidomycosis- An Overview

Arthroconidia of Coccidioides

Coccidioidomycosis is a systemic infection caused by inhalation of Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii spores. It affects both humans and animals. It is also known as Valley fever or cocci or California fever, or desert rheumatism, or San Joaquin Valley fever. The … Read more