Lassa Virus- An Overview

Lassa Virus

Structure of Lassa Virus The virus is a single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the virus family Arenaviridae. Figure: Structure of Lassa Virus, Source: Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics The virion is spherical particles with an average diameter of 90–110 nm. Lassa virus … Read more

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus- An Overview

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus

Structure of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus falls under the family Bunyaviridae and genus Nairo virus. They are spherical particles 90 to 120 nm in diameter with 5-10 nm projections visible on the surface. Figure: Crimean‐Congo hemorrhagic … Read more

Human Astrovirus- An Overview

Human Astrovirus

Structure of Human Astrovirus Human astrovirus falls under Astroviridae and genus Mamastrovirus. The particles are round in shape, 28 nm in diameter with a smooth margin and display a five or six pointed star motif on their surface.The term astrovirus (Greek: … Read more

Hanta Virus- An Overview

Hanta Virus

Structure of Hanta Virus Source: Viral Zone Hantavirus falls under the Bunyaviridae family. The virion displays round or pleomorphic morphology with a diameter of roughly 120-160 nm. The virus capsid is enveloped by a single layer envelope. The envelope surrounds three … Read more

Coltivirus- An Overview

Coltivirus

Structure of Coltivirus Coltivirusparticles are 60–80 nm in diameter having two concentric capsid shells with a core that is about 50 nm in diameter. They have a relatively smooth surface capsomeric structure and icosahedral symmetry. Non enveloped, icosahedral virion with a triple capsid … Read more

Norwalk Virus (Norovirus)- An Overview

Structure and Genome of Norwalk Virus

Structure of Norwalk Virus (Norovirus) The virus is non-enveloped, round, 27-nm particles with a ‘ragged’ outer edge but lacking a definite surface structure. It has a buoyant density of 1.33–1.41 g/cm3, an inability to propagate in vitro. Characteristically, Norwalk virus possesses … Read more

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)

Structure of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) They are enveloped viruses with round and sometimes pleiomorphic virions of approximately 80 to 120 nm in diameter. It contains positive-strand RNA, with the largest RNA genome (approximately 30 kb). The genome RNA … Read more

Ebola Virus- An Overview

Ebola Virus- Structure, Genome, Epidemiology, Transmission, Replication, Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestation, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control

Structure of Ebola Virus It falls under the Filoviridae family. The virion is filamentous, enveloped measuring 800 nm length and 80 nm in diameter. It comprises of negative sense, single stranded RNA genome. Structural proteins associated with the nucleocapsid are the … Read more

Torovirus- An Overview

Classification of Torovirus Group IV: ssRNA positive strand virus Order: Nidovirales Family: Coronaviridae Subfamily: Toronavirinae Genus: Torovirus Structure of Torovirus Torovirusis a genus of viruses in the order Nidovirales, in the family Coronaviridae, in the subfamily Torovirinae. Toroviruses are pleomorphic, enveloped particles, 120–140 nm in diameter. The … Read more

Hepatitis A Virus- An Overview

Clinical Manifestations of Hepatitis A Virus

Structure of Hepatitis A Virus HAV (Hepatitis A Virus) is a distinct member of the picornavirus family, assigned to genus hepatovirus. HAV is a 27 nm to 32 nm spherical particle with icosahedral symmetry containing a linear single-stranded RNA genome with … Read more

Rotavirus- An Overview

Rota Virus- Structure, Genome, Epidemiology, Replication, Pathogenesis, Clinical Manifestation, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Vaccination, Prevention and Control

Structure of Rotavirus The name rotavirus is derived from the Latin word rota, meaning “wheel,” which refers to the virion’s appearance in negative-stained electron micrographs. Rotavirus falls under Reoviridae family and subfamily Sedoreovirinae, which appear more smooth, lacking the large … Read more

Human Cytomegalovirus- An Overview

Structure of Human Cytomegalovirus Figure: Structure of Human Cytomegalo Virus, Source: Dr. Marko Reschke, Marburg, Germany Cytomegalovirus is a member of the herpes virus family that falls under the beta herpes subfamily. CMV is spherical in shape with icosahedral symmetry. … Read more

Measles Virus- An Overview

Measles Virus

Measles Virus Image Source: BBC Structure Measles virus is the prototypic member of the Morbillivirus genus of the family Paramyxoviridae. Measles virus is spherical with a diameter ranging from 100 to 300 nm and has two major structural components: one … Read more

Hepatitis C virus- An Overview

Hepatitis C virus

Structure of Hepatitis C virus Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a RNA virus belonging to the family Flaviviridae, genus Hepacivirus. The HCV virion is 55-65 nm in diameter containing in it a 9.6 kb positive sense single-stranded RNA genome composed of … Read more

Coronavirus- An Overview

Coronavirus

Structure of Coronavirus Coronaviruses fall in the virus family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales. Coronaviruses are enveloped, 120 to 160 nm particles that contain an unsegmented genome of single-stranded positive-sense RNA (27–32 kb). The large, plus-stranded RNA genome associates with the N protein … Read more

Varicella Zoster Virus- An Overview

Varicella Zoster Virus

Structure of Varicella Zoster Virus Image Source: Creative Diagnostics Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is an alphaherpesvirus that is in the same subfamily as herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 and 2. VZV is a member of varicellovirus genus. The virion is spherical … Read more

Mumps Virus- An Overview

Mumps Virus

Structure of Mumps Virus Mumps virions are markedly pleomorphic (100 to 600 nm), and roughly spherical with an outer membrane that envelops an inner, coiled helical structure. The envelope which is 150 to 300nm is studded with projections formed by … Read more