Inflammation

Inflammation

lnflammation or inflammatory response is defined as the biological response of the immune system especially vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as microorganisms or other foreign substances. It occurs when … Read more

Non-Specific Immune Response

Non-Specific Immune Response

Defence mechanism refers to the ways in which the body protects itself from invasion of pathogenic organisms or other foreign materials such that it provides defence against their harmful effects. … Read more

Spleen- Structure and Functions

Spleen- Structure and Functions

The spleen is a large, encapsulated, bean-shaped organ that is situated on the left side of the body below the diaphragm. The spleen contains T and B lymphocytes as well … Read more