Lymphocytes- Types and Functions

Lymphocytes- Types and Functions

Lymphocytes are the cells that specifically recognize and respond to foreign antigens and are mediators of humoral and cellular immunity. Lymphocytes, the unique cells of adaptive immunity, are the only … Read more

Macrophages- Introductions and Functions

Macrophages- Introductions and Functions

Macrophages The mononuclear phagocytic system consists of monocytes circulating in the blood and macrophages in the tissues. The monocyte is considered a leukocyte in transit through the blood, which becomes … Read more

Factors affecting Immunogenicity

Factors affecting Immunogenicity

Immunogenicity is determined by: A. Properties of Immunogen Foreignness An antigen must be a foreign substance to the animal or recognized as non-self by the biological system to elicit an … Read more