Pancreas- Definition, Structure, Hormones, Functions, Disorders

Pancreas

What is Pancreas? Definition of Pancreas The pancreas is a complex organ consisting of both exocrine and endocrine areas where the endocrine part is composed of discrete islets of Langerhans that secrete numerous hormones. The studies related to the Islets of Langerhans have increased over the years due to the involvement of the cells in … Read more

Adrenal Gland- Definition, Structure, Hormones, Functions, Disorders

Adrenal Gland

What is Adrenal Gland? Definition of Adrenal Gland The adrenal glands, also called suprarenal glands, are a pair of glands occurring on the top of kidneys and produce different steroid hormones. Adrenal glands consist of two distinct structures; the adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla, both of which are different in structure as well as functions. … Read more

Diseases and Disorders of the female reproductive system

Diseases and Disorders of the female reproductive system

Introduction Different kinds of diseases and disorders are associated with the female reproductive system. These kinds of diseases might arise either due to some infection or some abnormalities within the organs. The abnormal release of hormones is also often associated with female reproductive system diseases as well as female infertility. In addition to these causes, … Read more

Diseases and disorders of the male reproductive system

Diseases and disorders of the male reproductive system

Introduction Diseases and disorders of the male reproductive system include different diseases, infection,s and dysfunction in various organs in the male reproductive system. It can range from mild inflammation to reduced fertility in men. Most of the disorders in the male reproductive system are associated with the fluctuation of the sex hormone testosterone. In addition … Read more

Breast- Definition, Structure, Functions and Breast Cancer

Structure of Breast

Breast Definition Breasts or mammary glands are a pair of structures present in the thoracic region of primates. These glands are present in both the male and female primates, but in males, these structures remain rudimentary. Breasts are the accessory glands of the female reproductive system responsible for the lactation of a newly born child, … Read more

Human Female Reproductive System- Organs, Structure, Functions

Female Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System definition The group of organs, cells, and hormones working together from the formation of female gamete, ova, to the parturition is the female reproductive system. The organs in the female reproductive system are divided into external organs and internal organs. External organs of the female reproductive system Labia majors Labia minora Clitoris … Read more

Human Male Reproductive System- Organs, Structure, Functions

Organs of the Male Reproductive System

A male reproductive system is a group of organs and hormones that play a role in human reproduction. These organs and hormones are present either inside or outside the pelvis. Organs of the Male Reproductive System Two testes Two epididymides Two different ducts (vas deference) Two spermatic cords Two seminal vesicles Two ejaculatory duct A … Read more

Voluntary vs Involuntary Muscles- Definition, 16 Differences, Examples

Differences Between Voluntary and Involuntary Muscles

Voluntary muscles definition Voluntary muscles are the muscles that can be moved by the free will of the person and are almost always associated with the skeleton system. These muscles are attached to the bones by means of tendons, and they are responsible for all kinds of movements in vertebrates. Voluntary muscles account for about … Read more

Bone vs Cartilage- Definition, 15 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Bone and Cartilage (Bone vs Cartilage)

Bone Definition A bone is a connective tissue where the living cells, tissues, and other components are enclosed within hard non-living intercellular material. The two important constituents of bone are collagen and calcium phosphate that distinguish it from other similar structures like the enamel and chitin. Bone tissues together make up the human skeleton system … Read more

Disorders and Diseases of the Human Digestive System

Disorders and Diseases of the Human Digestive System

The primary purpose of the gastrointestinal tract is to break food down into nutrients, which can be absorbed into the body to provide energy. Food must be ingested into the mouth to be mechanically processed and moistened. Secondly, digestion occurs mainly in the stomach and small intestine where proteins, fats, and carbohydrates are chemically broken … Read more