Flora vs Fauna- Definition, 12 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Flora and Fauna (Flora vs Fauna)

Flora Definition The term ‘flora’ is defined as all the naturally occurring native plants of a particular region. Flora indicates all forms of plant life, more generally used to represent the plant life of a particular place. Sometimes, the term ‘microflora’ or ‘gut flora’ is used to represent the naturally occurring microorganisms, mainly, bacteria and fungi, in various organisms. The word, ‘flora’ is taken from the Latin name of the Goddess of plants in the Roman mythology who was named … Read more

Endonuclease vs Exonuclease- Definition, 11 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Endonuclease and Exonuclease

Image Source: Helixitta and Christopherrussell. Endonuclease Definition An endonuclease is a group of enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond present within a polynucleotide chain. Endonucleases are capable of breaking the bond from the middle of a chain. These enzymes are either specific or non-specific to the sequences being cleaved. The endonucleases that are specific to a particular sequence are termed restriction endonucleases. Restriction endonucleases are obtained from various bacteria and archaea, each of which is specific for different sites in … Read more

Diploid vs Haploid- Definition, 12 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Diploid and Haploid (Diploid vs Haploid)

Image Source: BioNinja. Diploid Definition Diploid is a cell or organism that has paired chromosomes, one from each parent. In most organisms, the somatic cells are diploid, whereas the sex cells tend to be haploid. The diploid cells have two homologous copies of the two chromosomes obtained from two parents. Almost all mammals are considered diploid organisms except for some rats. However, studies discarding the existence of polyploidy in mammals have been done. Polyploidy is the condition where a cell … Read more

Communicable vs non-communicable diseases- Definition, 17 Differences, Examples

communicable and non-communicable diseases differences

Communicable diseases definition Communicable diseases are the diseases that are caused by infectious agents and can be transmitted from an infected person to other people, animals, or other sources in the environment. Communicable diseases are also called infectious diseases or transmissible diseases. These diseases are transmitted when the infectious agents are transmitted through contact with contaminated surfaces, bodily fluids, blood products, insect bites, or through the air. The spread of infectious diseases might either be direct or indirect. In the … Read more

Celsius scale vs Fahrenheit scale- Definition, 10 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Celsius scale and Fahrenheit scale

Celsius scale definition Celsius scale, or centigrade scale, is a temperature scale that is based on the freezing point of water at 0°C and the boiling point of water at 100°C. The scale was introduced by and also named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius in 1742 A.D. This scale uses the symbol °C. Initially, the Celsius scale used 0°C for the boiling point of water and 100°C for the melting point of ice, but the scale was later reinverted … Read more

Bone vs Cartilage- Definition, 15 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Bone and Cartilage (Bone vs Cartilage)

Bone Definition A bone is a connective tissue where the living cells, tissues, and other components are enclosed within hard non-living intercellular material. The two important constituents of bone are collagen and calcium phosphate that distinguish it from other similar structures like the enamel and chitin. Bone tissues together make up the human skeleton system and skeletons of other vertebrates. These structures exist in different shapes and sizes with different forms of complexities fit for different functions. Bone tissues in … Read more

Breathing vs Respiration- Definition, 15 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Breathing and Respiration (Breathing vs Respiration)

Breathing Definition Breathing is a biophysical process that involves the exchange of gases through inhalation and exhalation. Breathing is also called ‘external respiration’ as it is an external process of taking oxygen in and throwing carbon dioxide out via respiratory organs. The process of breathing in all vertebrates consists of highly branches network of tubes that connect the nose and the alveoli. Breathing in repetitive cycles where the number of respiratory cycles in a minute is called breathing or respiratory … Read more

Biotic vs Abiotic Factors- Definition, 10 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Biotic and Abiotic Factors (Biotic vs Abiotic Factors)

Biotic Factors Definition The biotic factor or biotic component is the living organism that shapes an ecosystem. Biotic factors include plants, animals, bacteria, algae, and all other living forms present in an ecosystem. An ecosystem is a complex system of living and non-living things; the living part of the system forms the biotic factors. Biotic factors include all producers, consumers, and decomposers that are involved in the transformation and transport of energy through the food cycle. These biotic factors are … Read more

Bacteria vs Fungi- Definition, 21 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Bacteria and Fungi (Bacteria vs Fungi)

Bacteria Definition Bacteria are single-celled microscopic organisms that are characterized by the presence of incipient nucleus and few membrane-less cell organelles. Bacteria are diverse in shape, size, and color, and their habitats also vary ranging from soil, water, to the insides of living organisms. Bacteria exist in various shapes like cocci, bacillus, or spirilla where the cells are arranged in either chains or clusters. There are different groups of bacteria where some are pathogenic while the rest are harmless or … Read more

Autotroph vs Heterotroph- Definition, 14 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Autotroph and Heterotroph (Autotroph vs Heterotroph)

Autotroph Definition An autotroph is a group of organisms capable of producing their own food by utilizing various substances like water, sunlight, air, and other chemicals. The autotroph is made up of two words; ‘auto’ meaning self and ‘troph’ meaning food. Autotrophs are thus, capable of producing their own food without any assistance from others. Autotrophs are also called ‘producers’ as they form the base of ecological food chains and are responsible for all other food for all other organisms. … Read more