32 Differences between Mitosis and Meiosis (Mitosis vs Meiosis)

Differences between Mitosis and Meiosis

Differences between Mitosis and Meiosis Here are some of the differences: S.N. Character Mitosis Meiosis 1.       Alternate Name Equational Division Reduction Division 2.       Discovered by Walther Flemming Oscar Hertwig 3.       Type of Cells Involved Somatic cells. Sex cells/germ cells or gametes. 4.       Type of Reproduction Asexual division Sexual division 5.       Mother Cells … Read more 32 Differences between Mitosis and Meiosis (Mitosis vs Meiosis)

47 Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Here are some of the differences: S.N. Character Prokaryotes Eukaryotes 1. Term Origin Greek for “primitive nucleus” Greek for “true nucleus” 2. Definition Organisms made up of cell(s) that lack a cell nucleus or any membrane-encased organelles. Organisms made up of cells that possess a membrane-bound nucleus as well as membrane-bound … Read more 47 Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

23 Differences between Yeasts and Molds (Yeasts vs Molds)

Differences between Yeasts and Molds

Differences between Yeasts and Molds Both yeast and molds are eukaryotes – organisms with cell nuclei and membrane-bound organelles in the kingdom Fungi. The major differences between Yeasts and Molds are: S.N. Character Yeasts Molds 1.       Definition Yeast is a unicellular, budding fungus. Mold is a multicellular, threadlike fungus. 2.       Form Grow as … Read more 23 Differences between Yeasts and Molds (Yeasts vs Molds)

31 Differences Between Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

Differences Between Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

Differences Between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria Some of the differences are:  S.N. Character Gram-Positive Bacteria Gram-Negative Bacteria 1.    Gram Reaction Retain crystal violet dye and stain blue or purple on Gram’s staining. Accept safranin after decolorization and stain pink or red on Gram’s staining. 2.    Cell wall thickness Thick (20-80 nm) Thin (8-10 … Read more 31 Differences Between Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

28 Differences Between Bacteria and Virus (Bacteria vs Virus)

Differences Between Bacteria and Virus

Differences Between Bacteria and Virus Some of the differences between bacteria and virus are as follows: S.N. Character Bacteria Virus 1 Cell type Prokaryotic cells Acellular 2 Number of cells Single-celled No cell 3 Size Larger than viruses (0.3-2 μ) Minute (0.02-0.3 μ) 4 Microscopy Visible under Light Microscope. Visible only under an Electron Microscope. … Read more 28 Differences Between Bacteria and Virus (Bacteria vs Virus)

16 Differences Between Antigenic Shift and Antigenic Drift

Differences Between Antigenic Shift and Antigenic Drift

Differences Between Antigenic Shift and Antigenic Drift Here are some differences: S.N. Characteristics Antigenic Shift Antigenic Drift 1. Definition Antigenic shift refers to the gene recombination occurring when influenza viruses re-assort. Mutations causing minute changes in the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase antigens on the surface of the Influenza virus is termed as antigenic drift. 2. Result in … Read more 16 Differences Between Antigenic Shift and Antigenic Drift

Hypersensitivity Type I, II, III and IV in one table

Hypersensitivity Type I, II, III and IV in one table

Hypersensitivity Type I, II, III and IV in one table Here is the comparison table: S.N. Character Type I Type II Type III Type IV 1. Alternative Name Allergic hypersensitivity Cytotoxic hypersensitivity Immune complex hypersensitivity Cell mediated hypersensitivity/ Delayed type of hypersensitivity 2. Principle Antibody mediated degranulation of granulocytes leading to destruction of cells. Antibody … Read more Hypersensitivity Type I, II, III and IV in one table

17 Differences between Serum and Plasma (Serum vs Plasma)

Differences between Serum and Plasma

Differences between Serum and Plasma Here are the major differences: S.N. Characteristics Serum Plasma 1. Definition The clear yellow fluid separated when blood is allowed to clot freely. Yellowish and slight alkaline fluid, in which blood cells float. 2. Clotting factors It is the watery fluid from blood without the clotting factors. It is the … Read more 17 Differences between Serum and Plasma (Serum vs Plasma)

29 Differences between Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity

Differences between Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity

Differences between Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity Some of the differences are: S.N. Characteristics Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity 1. Synonyms Nonspecific, natural immunity Specific, acquired immunity 2. Definition The defense mechanisms that are non-antigen specific and immediately come into play on the antigen’s appearance in the body.  The defense mechanism that is not always present … Read more 29 Differences between Innate Immunity and Adaptive Immunity

8 Differences between cytokines and chemokines

Differences between Cytokines and Chemokines

Differences between Cytokines and Chemokines Here are some differences: S.N. Characteristics Cytokines Chemokines 1. Definition Small proteins produced dominantly by immune cells which are important in cell signaling. Specific cytokines that are specially adapted for chemotaxis of cells. 2. Description A broad family of chemical messengers serving to bring about the immune response. They are … Read more 8 Differences between cytokines and chemokines