Beta Oxidation of Fatty Acid: Steps, Uses, Diagram

Beta-oxidation of Fatty Acid

Beta-oxidation is the catabolic process by which fatty acid molecules are broken down in the cytosol in prokaryotes and in the mitochondria in eukaryotes to generate acetyl-CoA. Acetyl-CoA enters the citric acid cycle while NADH and FADH2, which are co-enzymes, are used in … Read more

Pentose Phosphate Pathway: Steps, Diagram, Uses

Pentose Phosphate Pathway

The pentose phosphate pathway is a metabolic pathway parallel to glycolysis which generates NADPH and pentoses (5-carbon sugars) as well as ribose 5-phosphate. The pentose phosphate pathway is also called the phosphogluconate pathway or hexose monophosphate shunt. While it involves glucose oxidation, its primary role is anabolic rather … Read more