Non-Mendelian Inheritance

Non-Mendelian Inheritance

Mendelian inheritance patterns involve genes that directly influence the outcome of an organism’s traits and obey Mendel’s laws. Most genes in eukaryotic species follow a Mendelian pattern of inheritance. However, there are many that do not. Non-Mendelian inheritance is a general … Read more

Chromosomes- Abnormalities and Disorders

Chromosomes- Abnormalities and Disorders

Chromosomes refer to any of the rod-shaped or threadlike DNA-containing structures of cellular organisms that are located in the nucleus of eukaryotes, are usually ring-shaped in prokaryotes (such as bacteria), and contain all or most of the genes of the … Read more

Epidemiological Markers

Phenotypic and Genetic Markers

Epidemiological markers are biological markers that are used to characterize microorganisms or discriminate between genomes based on the genetic variation among microbial isolates. Uses of Epidemiological Markers Epidemiological markers are mostly used for strain typing. It is used to: Classify … Read more

Types of Mutations

Types of Mutations

The mutation is a process that produces a gene or chromosome that differs from the wild type (arbitrary standard for what “normal” is for an organism). The mutation may result due to changes either on the gene or the chromosome … Read more