Microbiology History

History of Microbiology

Louis Pasteur Louis Pasteur is also known as the father of microbiology. He has many contributions to microbiology: He has proposed the principles of fermentation for the preservation of food. He introduced sterilization techniques and developed steam sterilizers, hot air oven, and autoclave. He described the method of pasteurization of milk. He had also contributed for designing the vaccines against several diseases such as anthrax, fowl cholera, and rabies He disproved the theory of spontaneous generation of disease and postulated … Read more

The Germ Theory of Disease

Germ Theory of Disease

Before the Germ theory of disease, the causes suggested for the occurrence of disease were the effect of supernatural phenomena like planetary alignments, effect of bad bodily humors and the faulty environment. For example, in ancient Greece, it was thought that disease was spread not via direct contact with other infected individuals, but rather via infectious “seeds” in the air or food products. The predominant theory until germ theory of disease was eventually accepted in the 19th century was termed … Read more

Robert Koch and Koch’s Postulates

Robert Koch and Koch’s Postulates

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (1843 – 1910) provided remarkable contributions to the field of microbiology. He was a German general practitioner and a famous microbiologist. He is credited to be one of the founders of the specific field of modern bacteriology. As the founder, he identified the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and gave experimental support for the concept of infectious disease, which included experiments on humans and animals. For this he is also regarded as a … Read more

History of Microbiology

History of Microbiology

Physics began in ancient times, mathematics even earlier, but the knowledge of tiny living things, their biology, and their impact on human lives have only been around since the late 19th century. Until about the 1880s, people still believed that life could form out of thin air and that sickness was caused by sins or bad odors. Opinions about why diseases afflicted people differed between cultures and parts of society and the treatments differed as well. Diseases were thought to … Read more