Differences between Yeasts and Molds 4.89/5 (9)

Differences between Yeasts and Molds


Differences between Yeasts and Molds

Both yeast and moulds are eukaryotes – organisms with cell nuclei and membrane-bound organelles in the kingdom Fungi.

Differences between Yeasts and Molds


The major differences between the two groups include:

S.N.

Character

Yeasts

Molds

1.      DefinitionA yeast is a unicellular, budding fungus.A mold is a multicellular, threadlike fungus.
2.      FormGrow as large single cells.Grow as multiple tubular branches.
3.      Cell typeUnicellularMulticellular
4.      HabitatVery common. Can be found on fruit and berries, in the stomachs of mammals and on skin, among other places.Typically found in damp, dark or humid areas.
5.      AppearanceWhite and thready. Usually oval in shape.Mold has a fuzzy appearance and can be found in several shapes.
6.      HyphaeYeasts do not have true hyphae. Instead they form

multicellular structures

called pseudo-hyphae.

Molds have microscopic filaments called hyphae.
7.      SporeYeast is a not a sporing species of fungi.Mold is a sporing fungi
8.      Colony morphologyYeast colonies are soft, opaque and cream-colored.Filamentous type colony with vegetative hyphae and aerial hyphae.
9.      ColorYeasts are less colorful compared to molds (colorless).Molds are very colorful and may be orange, green, black, brown, pink or purple.
10.   Incubation TemperatureRoutine incubation temperature is usually 25oC to 30oC (room temperature).Routine incubation temperature is usually 25o to 30o C, although 35o C incubation can be used

to differentiate some molds based on temperature tolerance or to determine whether organisms are diphasic.

11.   Cultivation timeThese organisms usually grow within 24 to 36 hours after inoculation on media.These organisms usually grow more slowly than yeasts after



inoculation to media.

12.   Aerobic/AnaerobicYeast can grow in aerobic as well as in anaerobic conditions.Molds grow only in aerobic conditions.
13.   pH range for growthGrowth limited to a pH range of 4.0 to 4.5. Mold can grow in a wider range of acidity (pH) levels than yeasts.
14.   Diagnosis/

Identification

Identification bases on physiologic test and a few key morphologic differences.Most clinical molds can be determined by microscopic examination of the ontogeny and morphology of their asexual spores.
15.   ReproductionMost reproduce asexually through mitosis. Most common form called “budding.” A smaller number of yeasts reproduce by binary fission.Reproduce through small spores, which can be either sexual or asexual.
16.   Asexual SporesBlastosporeSporangiospores and Conidia
17.   Sexual SporesNo Sexual Spores.Zygospores, Ascospores, and Basidiospores
18.   Energy ProductionConvert carbohydrates to alcohol and carbon dioxide in anaerobic through fermentation. Also obtain carbon from hexose sugars.Secrete hydrolytic enzymes that degrade biopolymers such as starch, cellulose and lignin into simpler substances that can be absorbed.
19.   Health risksCan cause infection in individuals with compromised immune systems.Can cause allergic reactions and respiratory problems.
20.   Other risksComparatively less involved in spoilage.Moulds cause a greater threat in terms of food spoilage and sanitation concerns, particularly in fresh produce.
21.   UsesEthanol production, baking, vitamin supplements, study of cell cycle.Some molds are used in food production, for example, Penicillium is used in the production of cheese, Neurospora in the production of oncom, which is made from the by-product of tofu. Mold is also a crucial saprophyte.
22.   Species1500 known species – 1% of all fungi.There are 400,000 types of molds.
23.   ExamplesSaccharomyces cerevisiae, Cryptococcus neoformans, etc.Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Trichophyton, etc.

References

  1. https://www.diffen.com/difference/Mold_vs_Yeast
  2. https://microbiologyinfo.com/difference-between-mold-and-yeast/
  3. https://sciencing.com/differences-between-yeasts-moulds-8168625.html
  4. Parija S.C. (2012). Textbook of Microbiology & Immunology.(2 ed.). India: Elsevier India.
  5. Sastry A.S. & Bhat S.K. (2016). Essentials of Medical Microbiology. New Delhi : Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.

Differences between Yeasts and Molds

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