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Acetate Utilization Test- Principle, Procedure and Result Interpretation
Objective of Acetate Utilization Test
To differentiate organisms based on ability to use acetate as the sole source of carbon. Generally used to differentiate Shigella sp. from Escherichia coli.
Principle of Acetate Utilization Test
This test is used to differentiate an organism capable of using acetate as the sole source of carbon. Organisms capable of using sodium acetate grow on the medium, resulting in an alkaline pH, turning the indicator from green to blue.
NaC2H3O2 (2 g); MgSO4 (0.1 g); NaCl (5 g); NH4H2PO4 (1 g); agar (20 g); bromthymol blue indicator (0.8 g), per 1000 mL,
Procedure of Acetate Utilization Test
1. With a straight inoculating needle, inoculate acetate slant lightly from an 18- to 24-hour culture. Do not inoculate
from a broth culture, because the growth will be too heavy.
2. Incubate at 35°-37°C for up to 7 days.
Result Interpretation of Acetate Utilization Test
Positive: Medium becomes alkalinized (blue) as a result of the growth and use of acetate.
Negative: No growth or growth with no indicator change to blue.
Some strains of E. coli may use acetate at a very slow rate or not at all, resulting in a false negative reaction in the identification process.
Positive: Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922)— growth; blue
Negative: Shigella sonnei (ATCC 25931)— small amount of growth; green
Source: Bailey and Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology. Elsevier