Morphology of E. coli

Morphology of E. coli

Morphology of E. coli E. coli is gram-negative (-ve) rod-shaped bacteria. It is 1-3 x 0.4-0.7 µm in size and 0.6 to 0.7 µm in volume. It is arranged singly or in pairs. It is motile due to peritrichous flagella. Some strains are non-motile. Some strains may be fimbriated. The fimbriae are of type 1 (hemagglutinating & mannose-sensitive) and are …

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Morphology of Bacillus cereus

Morphology of Bacillus cereus

Morphology of Bacillus cereus Some of the characteristics are: Bacillus cereus is gram-positive rod-shaped bacilli with square ends. Occasionally may appear gram variable or even gram-negative with age. They are single rod-shaped or appear in short chains. Clear cut junctions between the members of chains are easily visible. Tissue section staining may appear long and filamentous. They are straight or …

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Morphology of Clostridium perfringens

Morphology of Clostridium perfringens

Some of the characteristics are: Clostridium perfringens is large rectangular gram-positive bacilli with rounded or truncated ends. It is pleomorphic with straight or curved rods. Size is about 3-8 µm X 0.4-1.2 µm. It is capsulated, non-motile and non-flagellated pathogenic bacteria. It contains spores with central or sub-terminal spores but spores are rarely seen. Endospores are able to survive long …

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Habitat and Morphology of Acinetobacter baumannii

Habitat and Morphology of Acinetobacter baumannii

Habitat of Acinetobacter baumannii The first Acinetobacter found in soil was discovered in 1911 by M.W. Beijerinck. It is associated with aquatics environment. It has been recovered from soil, water, animals, and humans. Found in the respiratory and oropharynx secretions of infected individuals. Found in hospital environment and accounts for 10% nosocomial infections in ICU. It has been suggested that human …

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Habitat and Morphology of Gardnerella vaginalis

Habitat and Morphology of Gardnerella vaginalis

Habitat of Gardnerella vaginalis Normal flora in 40% female (small amount) Found in urine Rarely in blood and wound Found in the anorectal flora of healthy adults of both sexes and as well as children. Isolated from normal vagina of reproductive age female & male urethra (partners of women with bacterial vaginosis). Optimum pH for growth in between 6 and 7. …

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Habitat and Morphology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Habitat and Morphology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Habitat of Mycoplasma pneumoniae They are found in the mucosa of upper respiratory tract (UTR) and urogenital tract of humans. Also found in oral cavity. They are also present in sewage, plants, animals, insects, humans and hot springs. They grow slowly than bacteria. They are self-replicating bacteria. They are atypical bacteria. They do not grow in the environment. They depends …

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Habitat and Morphology of Mycobacterium leprae

Habitat and Morphology of Mycobacterium leprae

Habitat of Mycobacterium leprae They are found in soil, water and air. Found in the soils where the leprosy infected people live. Most of them are non-pathogenic and non-parasitic. Found in warm tropical countries. Mycobacterium leprae are found in the peripheral nerves of humans. Found in the cold parts of the body like hand, feet and nose. They are aerobic …

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Habitat and Morphology of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Habitat and Morphology of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Habitat of Streptococcus pneumoniae Streptococcus pneumoniae are found worldwide. Found in primates, livestock and felines. They are the part of normal flora of upper respiratory tract infection in humans. Mostly found in throat and nasal passage. They infection mostly children in winter seasons. They are Mesophilic, 30 to 35°C. Morphology of Streptococcus pneumoniae They are gram positive bacteria. May lose …

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Habitat and Morphology of Shigella dysenteriae

Habitat and Morphology of Shigella dysenteriae

Habitat of Shigella dysenteriae They are found worldwide. Humans are only the natural host. They are also found in human intestinal tract. They are mostly found in the area where there is overcrowded. Prevalent in low waste management areas and no safe drinking water supply. Houseflies serves as vectors. They are also found in contaminated food and water. They causes …

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Habitat and Morphology of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Habitat and Morphology of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Habitat of Klebsiella pneumoniae They are found in mouth, skin and intestinal tract of human beings. They are also found in soil, water and sewage. Also found in bowel and respiratory tract of humans and animals. Found in the hands of hospital personnel. They are responsible for community and hospital acquired infections. People requiring equipment’s such as catheters and ventilators are …

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