Bacillus anthracis- An Overview

Bacillus anthracis

Bacillus anthracis definition Bacillus anthracis is the only obligate pathogenic species of Bacillus and the causative agent of anthrax, which is a common disease of livestock and occasionally occurs in humans. Anthrax is called a zoonotic disease as the disease can transfer between animals and humans via different means. It is a Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium that is commonly found in …

Read more

Streptococcus mutans- An Overview

Streptococcus mutans

What is Streptococcus mutans? Streptococcus mutans is a Gram-positive coccus that is a major inhabitant of the oral cavity and is considered a significant contributor of tooth decay and cavities. Streptococci are spherical or ovoid cells, arranged in chains or pairs where many species are members of the commensal microflora on mucosal membranes of humans or animals, and some are …

Read more

Streptococcus mitis- An Overview

Streptococcus mitis

What is Streptococcus mitis? Streptococcus mitis is a Gram-positive coccus belonging to the viridians group of Streptococci as well as the mitis group. It is a commensal organism that colonizes different areas of the human body like the oropharynx, skin, and gastrointestinal and genital tract as a part of the normal flora. It is an important species of the genus …

Read more

Staphylococcus saprophyticus- An Overview

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

What is Staphylococcus saprophyticus? Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative coccus that is an important part of the group of microorganisms causing urinary tract infections (UTIs), particularly in young sexually active females. Like all Staphylococci, S. saprophyticus is also clustering Gram-positive cocci, nonmotile, non-spore-forming, and facultatively anaerobic. S. saprophyticus is a part of the normal flora in humans that colonizes the …

Read more

Streptococcus anginosus- An Overview

Streptococcus anginosus

What is Streptococcus anginosus? Streptococcus anginosus is a Gram-positive bacterium that is present in the mouth, upper respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and vagina as a normal inhabitant. S. anginosus belongs to the anginosus subgroup of viridans streptococci which was traditionally called the ‘milleri group’. However, the name is now pseudotaxonomic as the idea that all the members in the group …

Read more

Staphylococcus hominis- An Overview

Staphylococcus hominis

What is Staphylococcus hominis? Staphylococcus hominis is a Gram-positive coagulase-negative member of Staphylococci that exists as a commensal on the human body, especially in the areas with apocrine glands, axillae, and the pubic region. Like most other coagulase-negative Staphylococci, S. hominis is also known to cause various nosocomial or hospital-acquired infections and may occasionally cause infection in patients with abnormally …

Read more

Staphylococcus epidermidis- An Overview

Staphylococcus epidermidis - An Overview

What is Staphylococcus epidermidis? Staphylococcus epidermidis is a Gram-positive bacterium belonging to the genus Staphylococcus and is the most frequently isolated species from human epithelia. Staphylococci are known as clustering Gram-positive cocci, nonmotile, non-spore-forming facultatively anaerobic that classified into two main groups, coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative. S. epidermidis belongs to the group of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), which is different from coagulase-positive …

Read more