Innate Immune System- An Introduction

Innate Immune System- An Introduction

Introduction The innate immune system provides the first line of host defense against microbes, before adaptive immune responses have had sufficient time to develop. The mechanisms of innate immunity exist before exposure to microbes. The cellular components of the innate … Read more

Cytokines- Mechanism of action and Functions

Cytokines- Mechanism of action and Functions

Cytokines Cytokines are a family of small proteins that mediate an organism’s response to injury or infection. Cytokines operate by transmitting signals between cells in an organism. Minute quantities of cytokines are secreted, each by a single cell type, and … Read more