Chromosome vs Chromatid- Definition, 11 Major Differences, Examples

Differences between Chromosome and Chromatid (Chromosome vs Chromatid)

Chromosome Definition A chromosome is a thread-like structure present in the nucleus or nuclear region of the cytoplasm that is made up of a single molecule of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) and proteins, carrying some or all genetic materials of an organism. These chromosomes are only visible under the light microscope during the metaphase of the cell cycle where the chromosomes line up in the center of the cell. Prokaryotes have a single circular chromosome that is organized in the nucleoid … Read more

Nucleosome Model of Chromosome

Nucleosome Model of Chromosome

The chromosomes are the nuclear components of the special organization, individuality, and function that are capable of self-reproduction and play a vital role in heredity, mutation, variation and evolutionary development of the species. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins that support its structure. The proteins that bind to the DNA to form eukaryotic chromosomes are traditionally divided into two classes: the histones and the non-histone chromosomal proteins. The complex of both classes of protein with the … Read more

Chromosome- Structure, Types and Functions

Chromosome- Structure, Types and Functions

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure. Chromosomes were first described by Strasburger (1815), and the term ‘chromosome’ was first used by Waldeyer in 1888. They appear as rod shaped dark stained bodies during the metaphase stage of mitosis when cells are stained with a suitable basic dye and viewed under a … Read more