Introduction to Antigen-Antibody Reactions

Introduction to Antigen-Antibody Reactions

The interactions between antigens and antibodies are known as antigen–antibody reactions. The reactions are highly specific, and an antigen reacts only with antibodies produced by itself or with closely related antigens. Antibodies recognize molecular shapes (epitopes) on antigens. Generally, the … Read more

Antibody- Introduction, Structure and Classes

Antibody- Structure-and-Classes

What are Antibodies? Antibodies are often referred to as immunoglobulins (immune proteins). Antibodies, or Y-shaped immunoglobulins, are proteins found in the blood that help to fight against foreign substances called antigens. Antigens, which are usually proteins or polysaccharides, stimulate the immune … Read more