Phylum Mollusca- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Mollusca

Mollusca (Mollusks) Definition Molluscs (also know as mollusks) are soft-bodied, bilaterally symmetrical, segmented, coelomate animals; usually shelled having a mantle, ventral foot, anterior head, and a dorsal visceral mass. Phylum Mollusca (Mollusks) Characteristics They are essentially aquatic mostly marine, few … Read more

Phylum Nematoda- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Nematoda

Nematoda Definition Nematodes (Gr., nema thread+ eidos, form) are commonly referred to as non-segmented roundworm, threadworm or pinworm, as distinct from flatworm and higher segmented annelids. Image Source: Wikipedia Phylum Nematoda Characteristics They are widely distributed, aquatic or terrestrial, parasitic … Read more

Centrifugation- Principle, Types and Applications

Centrifugation

Centrifugation is a technique of separating substances which involves the application of centrifugal force. The particles are separated from a solution according to their size, shape, density, the viscosity of the medium and rotor speed. Principle of Centrifugation In a solution, particles … Read more

Phylum Ctenophora- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Ctenophora

Ctenophora Definition Ctenophores are free-swimming, transparent, jelly-like, soft-bodied, marine animals having biradial symmetry, comb-like ciliary plates for locomotion, the lasso cells but nematocytes are wanting. They are also known as sea walnuts or comb jellies. Phylum Ctenophora Characteristics They are … Read more

Phylum Aschelminthes- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Aschelminthes

What are Aschelminthes? Aschelminthes are pseudocoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, unsegmented, vermiform, organ- system grade of construction with complete digestive tubes. Phylum Aschelminthes characteristics They are mostly aquatic, free-living or parasitic. They are bilaterally symmetrical, unsegmented worms. The body is slender, … Read more

Phylum Arthropoda- Characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Arthropoda

Arthropoda (Arthropods) Definition Arthropods are bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, metamerically segmented animals with coelom which is reduced and modified. Their body is covered externally in a chitinous exoskeleton which molts periodically and their appendages are joined. Phylum Arthropoda Characteristics They are … Read more

Phylum Platyhelminthes- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms)

Platyhelminthes (flatworms) definition Platyhelminthes are triploblastic, bilaterally symmetrical, dorsoventrally flattened, acoelomate flatworms with organ grade of construction without a definite anus, circulatory, skeletal or respiratory system but with Protonephridial excretory system and mesenchyme filling the space between the various organ … Read more