Centrifugation- Principle, Types and Applications


Centrifugation is a technique of separating substances which involves the application of centrifugal force. The particles are separated from a solution according to their size, shape, density, the viscosity of the medium and rotor speed. Principle of Centrifugation In a solution, particles … Read more

Phylum Ctenophora- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Ctenophora

Ctenophora Definition Ctenophores are free-swimming, transparent, jelly-like, soft-bodied, marine animals having biradial symmetry, comb-like ciliary plates for locomotion, the lasso cells but nematocytes are wanting. They are also known as sea walnuts or comb jellies. Phylum Ctenophora Characteristics They are … Read more

Biuret Test for Protein

Biuret Test for Protein

What does Biuret test for? Proteins are the complex compound formed by thousands of amino acids. Amino acids are amphoteric electrolytes having carboxyl and amino groups that act like acid and base. It has one positive charge and one negative … Read more

Phylum Aschelminthes- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Aschelminthes

What are Aschelminthes? Aschelminthes are pseudocoelomate, bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, unsegmented, vermiform, organ- system grade of construction with complete digestive tubes. Phylum Aschelminthes characteristics They are mostly aquatic, free-living or parasitic. They are bilaterally symmetrical, unsegmented worms. The body is slender, … Read more

Chromatography- definition, principle, types, applications

Chromatography- Principle, Types and Applications

What is chromatography? Chromatography is an important biophysical technique that enables the separation, identification, and purification of the components of a mixture for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The Russian botanist Mikhail Tswett coined the term chromatography in 1906. The first … Read more

Phylum Porifera- Characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Porifera

Porifera Definition The Porifera may be defined as an asymmetrical or radially symmetrical multicellular organism with a cellular grade of an organization without well- definite tissues and organs; exclusively aquatic; mostly marine, sedentary, solitary or conical animals with body perforated … Read more

Streak Plate Method- Principle, Methods, Significance, Limitations

Streak Plate Method- Principle, Methods, Significance, Limitations

Streak Plate Method- Principle, Methods, Significance, Limitations In microbiology, streaking is a technique used to isolate a pure strain from a single species of microorganism, often bacteria. The dilution or isolation by streaking method was first developed by Loeffler and Gaffky in Koch’s laboratory, which involves … Read more

Phylum Arthropoda- Characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Arthropoda

Arthropoda (Arthropods) Definition Arthropods are bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic, metamerically segmented animals with coelom which is reduced and modified. Their body is covered externally in a chitinous exoskeleton which molts periodically and their appendages are joined. Phylum Arthropoda Characteristics They are … Read more

Phylum Platyhelminthes- characteristics, classification, examples

Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms)

Platyhelminthes (flatworms) definition Platyhelminthes are triploblastic, bilaterally symmetrical, dorsoventrally flattened, acoelomate flatworms with organ grade of construction without a definite anus, circulatory, skeletal or respiratory system but with Protonephridial excretory system and mesenchyme filling the space between the various organ … Read more