Ketones in urine (ketonuria) and Ketones in urine test

Ketones in urine (ketonuria) and Ketones in urine test

What are ketones? Chemically, ketones are the organic compounds containing carbon, oxygen various carbon-containing substituents. Ketones consist of a carbonyl (C=O) functional group. In our body, ketones are the metabolic end products of fatty acid metabolism. What are ketone bodies? Ketone bodies are the water-soluble particles formed in the liver when the acetyl-CoA formed in the … Read more Ketones in urine (ketonuria) and Ketones in urine test

Sample collection and Diagnosis of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)

Sample collection and Diagnosis of COVID-19

Medical Disclaimer: The information presented on the website is only for academic and study purposes and must not be used for the purpose of diagnosis. If you are not feeling well, please consult with your physician or doctor. Specimen Collection Since COVID-19 is an infectious respiratory tract infection, respiratory material should be collected, at a … Read more Sample collection and Diagnosis of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)

FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 28. Logix Smart Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) kit Date: April 3, 2020 Company: Co-Diagnostics, Inc. Indication: Qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in lower respiratory tract fluids (e.g. bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, tracheal aspirate), and upper respiratory tract fluids (e.g. nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs) from individuals who are … Read more FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) Test

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) Test

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) like the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test is a screening test for syphilis which is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. It is a rapid non-treponemal test that looks for non-specific antibodies in the blood of the patient that may indicate a syphilis infection. The test does not look for antibodies against … Read more Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) Test

Coomb’s Test- Direct and Indirect Coomb’s Test

Result Interpretation of Coomb's Test

Coomb’s Test- Direct and Indirect Coomb’s Test Coomb’s test is a direct agglutination reaction, more commonly known as antiglobulin test. It was discovered by Coombs, Mourant and Race in 1945 originally for the detection of incomplete anti-Rh antibodies. In the test, incomplete antibodies do not agglutinate erythrocytes. Incomplete antibody antiglobulin coats the surface of erythrocytes … Read more Coomb’s Test- Direct and Indirect Coomb’s Test

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) Test

Result Interpretation of VDRL Test

The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (VDRL) is a screening test for sexually transmitted infection – syphilis caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum.  It is a non-treponemal test, which detects antibodies IgM and IgG antibodies to lipoidal material released from damaged host cells as well as to lipoprotein-like material, and possibly cardiolipin released from the treponemes. These antibodies are … Read more Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) Test