FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 28. Logix Smart Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) kit Date: April 3, 2020 Company: Co-Diagnostics, Inc. Indication: Qualitative detection of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2 in lower respiratory tract fluids (e.g. bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, tracheal aspirate), and upper respiratory tract fluids (e.g. nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs) from individuals who are … Read more FDA Emergency Use Authorization COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests

Pandemic- definition, features, causes, effects, examples

Pandemic- definition, features, causes, effects, examples

Pandemic Definition The word pandemic comes from the Greek pandemos meaning “pertaining to all people.” The Greek word pan means “all” and the Greek word demos means “people.” An epidemic usually affecting a large proportion of the population, occurring over a wide geographic area such as a section of a nation, the entire nation, a continent or the world is called … Read more Pandemic- definition, features, causes, effects, examples

Hanta Virus

Hanta Virus

Structure of Hanta Virus Source: Viral Zone Hantavirus falls under the Bunyaviridae family. The virion displays round or pleomorphic morphology with a diameter of roughly 120-160 nm. The virus capsid is enveloped by a single layer envelope. The envelope surrounds three nucleocapsids and has surface projections. Surface projections are distinctive spikes which are surrounded by a … Read more Hanta Virus

Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (updated 2020)

Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (Updated 2020)

Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (updated 2020) Source of Ranking: Journal Citation Reports (Clarivate Analytics) Journal Logo Source: Respective Journals Website. Disclaimer: Logos and informations are only used for educational purposes. If there are any copyright issues regarding the logo and information of the journal, please email us at microbenotes@gmail.com. 1. Nature Reviews … Read more Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (updated 2020)

Epsilometer test (E test)

Epsilometer test (E test)

Introduction Epsilometer test (E- test) is defined as the “exponential gradient” method that determines the antimicrobial resistance of the microorganism. It is a cost-effective tool that has been developed to provide a direct quantification of antimicrobial susceptibility of microorganisms. It is a quantitative method that applies both the dilution of antibiotics and the diffusion of … Read more Epsilometer test (E test)

Differences between DNA and RNA (DNA vs RNA)

Differences between DNA and RNA

Differences between DNA and RNA (DNA vs RNA) Some of the differences are: S.N. Character DNA RNA 1.       Full form Deoxyribonucleic Acid  Ribonucleic Acid 2.       Location DNA is found in the nucleus, with a small amount of DNA also present in mitochondria. RNA forms in the nucleolus, and then moves to specialized regions … Read more Differences between DNA and RNA (DNA vs RNA)

Gram Stain- Principle, Reagents, Procedure, Steps, Results

Gram Stain- Principle, Reagents, Procedure and Result Interpretation

The Gram stain was developed by Christian Gram in 1884 and modified by Hucker in 1921. The objective of Gram Stain This test differentiates the bacteria into Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria, which helps in the classification and differentiation of microorganisms. The Gram stain separates bacteria into two groups: (1) Gram-positive microorganisms that retain the primary … Read more Gram Stain- Principle, Reagents, Procedure, Steps, Results

Outbreak Investigations- Objectives, Steps, Difficulties

Outbreak Investigations- Objectives, Steps, Difficulties

Outbreak Investigations- Objectives, Steps, Difficulties An outbreak is an increased frequency of a disease above the usual rate (endemic rate) in a given population or geographic area. Usually, the cases are presumed to have a common cause or to be related to one another in some way. Image Source: Clipart Station Why should we investigate … Read more Outbreak Investigations- Objectives, Steps, Difficulties

Human Cytomegalovirus

Structure of Human Cytomegalovirus Figure: Structure of Human Cytomegalo Virus, Source: Dr. Marko Reschke, Marburg, Germany Cytomegalovirus is a member of the herpes virus family that falls under the beta herpes subfamily. CMV is spherical in shape with icosahedral symmetry. The icosahedral protein capsid with an average diameter of 100 nm consists of 162 hollow … Read more Human Cytomegalovirus

Disease Control

Disease Control

Disease Control Control of communicable diseases, which implies reducing their occurrence, has always been a major public health priority. In the past, control measures were based on incomplete knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease to be controlled and were directed at perceived factors of disease causation. As knowledge of the epidemiology of diseases improved, … Read more Disease Control