Fusarium spp- An Overview

Fusarium spp

Fusarium is a large group of filamentous fungi belonging to the hyphomycetes. Commonly distributed widely in the soil they are saprophytic fungi known to associate with plants, causing a wide range of plant diseases. This is because of their ability … Read more

Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis

Candidiasis definition Candidiasis is also known as moniliasis, is a fungal disease that is classified under opportunistic fungal infection, because of its occurrence in persons with an immune-suppressed system, especially newborns, HIV/AIDS patients, patients on antibiotic therapies, cancer therapy patients. … Read more

Penicillium chrysogenum- An Overview

Penicillium chrysogenum

Figure: Penicillium chrysogenum. Image Source: Pinterest, created using biorender.com Penicillium chrysogenum is also known as Penicillium notatum, the first Penicillium fungi used for the isolation of penicillin antibiotics, which is used for the treatment of Gram-positive bacteria. It is also … Read more

Cryptococcus neoformans- An Overview

Gram’s stain (Panel A) and India ink stain (Panel B) revealed abundant encapsulated, round yeasts, with some budding forms.

Cryptococcus spp Cryptococcus spp is a fungal group that belongs to the Phylum Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes). They undergo sexual reproduction forming dikaryotic hyphae and basidiospores supported by a club-shaped basidium with hyphae that has a complex septate. There are four known … Read more

Aspergillus niger- An Overview

Aspergillus niger is the most common species of aspergillus. Its name is adapted from the Latin name aspergillum, which means holy water sprinkler because it has a sprinkler like an appearance when viewed under a microscope. It is known commonly … Read more

Aspergillus flavus- An Overview

Aspergillus flavus

Aspergillus flavus is the second most common species of Aspergillus in humans after Aspergillus fumigatus. Aspergillus flavus is a mildly pathogenic, saprophytic mold, commonly known to cause diseases in plants such as grains, cereals, trees, and nuts.  They cause opportunistic … Read more

Aspergillus fumigatus- An Overview

Aspergillus fumigatus

Image created with biorender.com General Characteristics of Aspergillus spp It is commonly found in soil, with a saprophytic mode of nutrition, obtaining its nutrients from dead and decaying matter. The saprophytic nature of Aspergillus spp means they fully depend on … Read more

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) definition This is a powerful electron microscope that uses a beam of electrons to focus on a specimen producing a highly magnified and detailed image of the specimen. The magnification power is over 2 million times … Read more

Pocket Microscope

Pocket Microscope

Pocket Microscope Definition This is a microscope that has a special design that is small and portable, hence the name ‘pocket’. They are pocket-size but some are a bit larger. Their size is too small to hold a mirror to … Read more